March 15, 2020

Publishing in the time of Coronavirus, an open letter from the American Naturalist Editors

To the American Naturalist Community,

During this pandemic, The American Naturalist remains committed to continuing our work to publish your outstanding science. The journal kept up through the 1918 influenza pandemic, and will persist through this one too. But, we also recognize that there are many new demands on each of us during this extraordinary time.  As a result, we anticipate that the publishing process may be slower and more challenging. This essay is a call for mutual support and patience. 

We all are watching how the COVID-19 pandemic is putting many aspects of society on pause. To "bend the curve" and limit the impact of this pandemic on human life, we must all reduce our social interactions to a bare minimum, or less. This means working from home. At first glance this might seem like perhaps an amazing boon for your scientific productivity: fewer faculty meetings, no seminars, skip the commute, and so on. But life is not so simple, of course. Many of us find ourselves with home-bound kids, whose schooling needs to be continued with some supervision. Or you may find yourself a caregiver to a sick partner or child or parent as this infection spreads. Others among you may wrestle with the loneliness of isolation. Isolation in turn can compound the effects of depression, anxiety, or other mental health conditions.  Working from home also means working in a distraction-rich environment of your own home. First and foremost among those distractions may be the news, or social media, where we turn both for external interaction and for news about the unfolding of this crisis. On top of these myriad distractions from work, there's also the extra workload suddenly imposed by taking classes online: creating virtual lectures, redesigning lessons, rethinking lab or field class content. 

In short, we face new work demands, and new distractions and obligations at home and in our communities. This makes it exceedingly difficult to remain focused on our scientific research. At The American Naturalist, we are hearing back from reviewers and Associate Editors that they need extra time to complete reviews or recommendations. We, too, are struggling to keep our minds on editorial decisions while parenting and rearranging our home and work routines. The Editorial Office, also, has gone entirely to remote work, which proves challenging to the manuscript handling and copyediting process. 

We expect that the entire process of publication may be slower in the coming months. Reviewers and Associate Editors: we still want your reviews and recommendations. But, we realize these may necessarily be delayed by your competing responsibilities to your family, lab, community, and your own mental health.  Authors: we still want your submissions and your revisions. But, we realize these too may be delayed. And we, as Editors, promise to do our best to render timely and thorough and thoughtful decisions. But, we too may be slowed down especially to look after our kids, most of whose schools are now closed.  

So, please, be patient with us, and we will be patient with you in turn. A few specifics:

* We will still send reminders to reviewers and AEs to nudge along slow reviews. But we will absolutely not judge you if you need extra time

* If situations change and you simply cannot complete a task you previously agreed to (e.g., if you get ill, or need to care intensively for an ill family member), please just let us know if you need to back out, or need extra time.

* A reminder that although the publication process may be slowed by all this (though hopefully not), we do accept submissions that have been posted on BioRxiv.

* As this situation progresses, we may find that we need to make decisions based on fewer reviews, if reviewers become unavailable. For now, we will maintain our goal of two reviews per paper. But if we find that the community becomes too busy or too distracted, we may consider accepting fewer reviews, as a temporary measure.

* For the foreseeable future, we hope to continue our scientific publishing efforts as usual. We will post any changes or updates on this blog, if that shifts.

* Above all, the health of you, and your families and friends, are more important than any one scientific paper.

Thank you for your collective support of this journal. We would not exist without you, our authors, reviewers, and AEs. Stay safe, stay healthy, stay connected, wash hands.

Best wishes,

Daniel Bolnick (Editor In Chief)
Jennifer Lau (Editor)
Russell Bonduriansky (Editor)
Erol Akcay (Incoming Editor)
Trish Morse (Managing Editor)

February 11, 2020

Sexual Dimorphism

Recent Papers

Open Access

Patrick T. Rohner and Wolf U. Blanckenhorn

James L. L. Lichtenstein, Ambika Kamath, Sarah Bengston, Leticia Avilés, and Jonathan N. Pruitt

Juan A. Fargallo, Félix Martínez, Kazumasa Wakamatsu, David Serrano, and Guillermo Blanco


Recent Papers

Xu-Li Fan, Guillaume Chomicki, Kai Hao, Qiang Liu, Ying-Ze Xiong, Susanne S. Renner, Jiang-Yun Gao, and Shuang-Quan Huang

Edward D. Burress, Milton Tan, and Peter C. Wainwright

Natural History Note
Todd W. Pierson, Jennifer Deitloff, Stanley K. Sessions, Kenneth H. Kozak, and Benjamin M. Fitzpatrick

Speciation Rate Is Independent of the Rate of Evolution of Morphological Size, Shape, and Absolute Morphological Specialization in a Large Clade of Birds
Nicholas M. A. Crouch and Robert E. Ricklefs
Lay summary:

Branch Thinning and the Large-Scale, Self-Similar Structure of Trees
Lars Hellström, Linus Carlsson, Daniel S. Falster, Mark Westoby, and Åke Brännström
Lay summary:

Morph-Specific Patterns of Reproductive Senescence: Connections to Discrete Reproductive Strategies
Andrea S. Grunst, Melissa L. Grunst, Vince A. Formica, Marisa L. Korody, Adam M. Betuel, Margarida Barcelo-Serra, Sarah Ford, Rusty A. Gonser, and Elaina M. Tuttle
Lay summary:

Leaf Form Evolution in Viburnum Parallels Variation within Individual Plants
Elizabeth L. Spriggs, Samuel B. Schmerler, Erika J. Edwards, and Michael J. Donoghue

Sex-Specific Heterogeneity in Fixed Morphological Traits Influences Individual Fitness in a Monogamous Bird Population
Floriane Plard, Susanne Schindler, Raphaël Arlettaz, and Michael Schaub
Lay summary:

Resemblance to the Enemy’s Eyes Underlies the Intimidating Effect of Eyespots
Karin Kjernsmo and Sami Merilaita
Lay summary:

Meredith L. Cenzer

Predator Perspective Drives Geographic Variation in Frequency-Dependent Polymorphism
Iris A. Holmes, Maggie R. Grundler, and Alison R. Davis Rabosky

Natural History Note
Dean C. Adams, Dana Korneisel, Morgan Young, and Annamaria Nistri

Natural History Note
A Sea Scorpion’s Strike: New Evidence of Extreme Lateral Flexibility in the Opisthosoma of Eurypterids
W. Scott Persons IV and John Acorn
Lay summary:

How Parallel Is Parallel Evolution? A Comparative Analysis in Fishes
Krista B. Oke, Gregor Rolshausen, Caroline LeBlond, and Andrew P. Hendry
Lay summary:

Evolutionary Determinants of Morphological Polymorphism in Colonial Animals
Carl Simpson, Jeremy B. C. Jackson, and Amalia Herrera-Cubilla

Natural History Note
The Hawk-Eyed Songbird: Retinal Morphology, Eye Shape, and Visual Fields of an Aerial Insectivore
Luke P. Tyrrell and Esteban Fernández-Juricic

Clines Arc through Multivariate Morphospace
Brian K. Lohman, Daniel Berner, and Daniel I. Bolnick

Thermal Biology

Recent Papers

Colin H. Kyle, Jiawei Liu, Molly E. Gallagher, Vanja Dukic, and Greg Dwyer

Andrew D. Nguyen, Megan Brown, Jordan Zitnay, Sara Helms Cahan, Nicholas J. Gotelli, Amy Arnett, and Aaron M. Ellison

Kaitlin M. Baudier, Catherine L. D’Amelio, Rumaan Malhotra, Michael P. O’Connor, and Sean O’Donnell

Marta S. Shocket, Alexander T. Strauss, Jessica L. Hite, Maja Šljivar, David J. Civitello, Meghan A. Duffy, Carla E. Cáceres, and Spencer R. Hall

Daniel J. Smith and Priyanga Amarasekare

Eric R. Pianka, Laurie J. Vitt, Nicolás Pelegrin, Daniel B. Fitzgerald, and Kirk O. Winemiller

Matthew M. Osmond, Matthew A. Barbour, Joey R. Bernhardt, Matthew W. Pennell, Jennifer M. Sunday, and Mary I. O’Connor

Priyanga Amarasekare and Christopher Johnson


Recent Papers 

Dominik W. Schmid, Matthew D. McGee, Rebecca J. Best, Ole Seehausen, and Blake Matthews

Rémi Patin, Daniel Fortin, Cédric Sueur, and Simon Chamaillé-Jammes

Natural History Note
Atypical Flowers Can Be as Profitable as Typical Hummingbird Flowers
Nickolas M. Waser, Paul J. CaraDonna, and Mary V. Price

Ontogeny and Consistent Individual Differences Mediate Trophic Interactions
Denon Start

Assessing Feeding Preferences of a Consumer Guild: Partitioning Variation Among versus Within Species
O. Kennedy Rhoades, Rebecca J. Best, and John J. Stachowicz

Adaptive Foraging of Pollinators Can Promote Pollination of a Rare Plant Species
Gita Benadi and Robert J. Gegear

Temporal Variation in Predation Risk May Explain Daily Rhythms of Foraging Behavior in an Orb-Weaving Spider
J. Colton Watts, Thomas C. Jones, Ashley Herrig, Madeleine Miller, and Brigitte Tenhumberg
Lay summary:

Seasonal Food Scarcity Prompts Long-Distance Foraging by a Wild Social Bee
Nathaniel S. Pope and Shalene Jha
Lay summary:

Natural History Note

Kleptoparasitism and Scavenging Can Stabilize Ecosystem Dynamics
Stefano Focardi, Massimo Materassi, Giacomo Innocenti, and Duccio Berzi

A Neutral Model for the Evolution of Diet Breadth
Matthew L. Forister and Stephen H. Jenkins

Joan M. Meiners, Terry L. Griswold, David J. Harris, and S. K. Morgan Ernest

Malte Jochum, Andrew D. Barnes, David Ott, Birgit Lang, Bernhard Klarner, Achmad Farajallah, Stefan Scheu, and Ulrich Brose
Lay summary:

Natural History Note
The Hawk-Eyed Songbird: Retinal Morphology, Eye Shape, and Visual Fields of an Aerial Insectivore
Luke P. Tyrrell and Esteban Fernández-Juricic

Perceptual Ranges, Information Gathering, and Foraging Success in Dynamic Landscapes
William F. Fagan, Eliezer Gurarie, Sharon Bewick, Allison Howard, Robert Stephen Cantrell, and Chris Cosner

Natural History Note
Collective Response of Leaf-Cutting Ants to the Effects of Wind on Foraging Activity
Andrea Marina Alma, Alejandro G. Farji-Brener, and Luciana Elizalde

Arboreal Folivores Limit Their Energetic Output, All the Way to Slothfulness
Jonathan N. Pauli, M. Zachariah Peery, Emily D. Fountain, and William H. Karasov

Foraging Activity Pattern Is Shaped by Water Loss Rates in a Diurnal Desert Rodent
Ofir Levy, Tamar Dayan, Warren P. Porter, and Noga Kronfeld-Schor

Population Dynamics

Recent Papers

Javier Jarillo, Bernt-Erik Sæther, Steinar Engen, and Francisco Javier Cao-García

Staffan Jacob, Alexis S. Chaine, Michèle Huet, Jean Clobert, and Delphine Legrand

Aaron S. David, Pedro F. Quintana-Ascencio, Eric S. Menges, Khum B. Thapa-Magar, Michelle E. Afkhami, and Christopher A. Searcy

Diane R. Campbell, Alison K. Brody, Mary V. Price, Nickolas M. Waser, and George Aldridge

Raisa Hernández-Pacheco and Ulrich K. Steiner

David J. Páez, Vanja Dukic, Jonathan Dushoff, Arietta Fleming-Davies, and Greg Dwyer

Ben A. Ward, Emilio Marañón, Boris Sauterey, Jonathan Rault, and David Claessen